Epilepsy in Canada

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Originally posted on www.canada.ca

epilepsy-eEpilepsy is a brain disorder that produces abnormal bursts of electrical activity in the brain. If uncontrolled, it results in recurrent seizures that vary in:

Frequency: Less than 1 per year to many per day

Form: Different symptoms and signs

Duration: A few seconds to a few minutes or longer

Canadians living with epilepsy can experience different health and social consequences.  With the right care, it is possible to manage epilepsy and limit or even prevent seizures.

Canadians living with epilepsy (2013–2014)
About 300,000 Canadians, or
  • 42,000 children/youth + 256,000 adults
  • 2X population of Prince Edward Island
Canadians newly diagnosed with epilepsy (2013–2014)
About 20,000 Canadians, or
  • 5,000 children/youth + 15,000 adults
  • 54 new cases every day

Prevalence in adults higher than in children/youth

  • 1-19 years: 545 per 100,000 individuals
  • 20+ years: 892 per 100,000 individuals

Incidence in children/youth higher than in adults

  • 1-19 years: 60 per 100,000 individuals
  • 20+ years: 53 per 100,000 individuals

Proportion of Canadians living with epilepsy over time (2005–2006 to 2013–2014): Up by 1/3 in children/youth and by 1/4 in adults.

This increase is likely the result of an increasing rate of newly diagnosed epilepsy cases in children/youth and a decreasing rate of death due to any cause in Canadians with epilepsy.

Originally posted on www.canada.ca

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